Most families will experience relationship difficulties. As emotionally complex beings with a range of opinions, ideas, and feelings, it is normal to find ourselves in disagreement at times. However, relationship problems and negative emotions can often spiral and worsen, leading to more complex difficulties. Are you finding yourself struggling with family relationships?

A counsellor or psychotherapist can help you to discuss and understand your family difficulties. They can help you learn how to cope and manage difficult situations and disagreements. Giving you the best chance to improve your relationships with your partner and family and find the best resolutions to any problems you may be having.

What are signs of family problems?

Some common signs of family relationship problems include:

  • Anger/ frustration
  • Avoidance
  • Arguments
  • Rethinking/ruminating about conversations you have had
  • Jealousy
  • Spite
  • Feeling lonely
  • Feeling upset

Many people cope with such outcomes in negative ways, particularly when family problems seem to have become serious or complicated, and unwieldy. Many individuals can resort to counter-productive behaviors to cope with their feelings, including self-harm and substance abuse.

Research has also shown relationship problems can lead to struggles in other areas of life including education, occupation, social adjustment, and individual self-esteem.

What are the causes of family-related difficulties?

There can be multiple factors that have a negative effect on family relationships.

Environment

Living in close proximity may lead to an awkward household dynamic, causing tension. It can be easy to find annoyance in another person's habits and routines if you are seeing them so often.

Changes to the family

The birth of a new baby, moving house, or the arrival of a new resident in the home can alter family dynamics.

Differences of opinion

Family disputes can arise when an individual participates in activities that other family members disagree with. Research suggests such conflicts of opinion, interest, and feelings are a leading factor in the development of relationship difficulties within families.

Control issues are another common cause of disputes. Some individuals may be territorial or particular about the environment in which they live in, with arguments arising about the positioning of belongings or perhaps messiness in the house. Research also suggests that many adolescents feel as though their parents can be over-controlling which leads to many family disputes. However, in contrast, research also says that many parents feel as if their children do not respect boundaries.

Illness

Mental, neurological or physical health problems in individuals can cause strain on a household. Stress levels within the household can increase as a lot of focus may be placed on recovery and management of illness. High levels of anxiety may also occur, and other aspects of life that individuals may also deem important may be put on pause while focus remains on recovery and management.

Work

Occupational difficulties, such as someone being made redundant from a job, can place stress upon both the individual affected and the wider household. ‘Bringing work home’ can also add to stresses, highlighting the importance of maintaining a healthy balance between work and home life.

Trust

Trust issues may lead to relationship problems. For example, if an individual has previously been unfaithful to their partner but the couple have decided to work through their issues, the partner or rest of the family may experience anxiety over this experience reoccuring. Feelings of resentment may also result in further issues.

Addiction

Addictions such as alcohol, smoking, drug taking, gambling, or shopping can affect not only the individual with the addiction but also their partner and surrounding family. Watching a loved one experience an addiction to something can be painful. It may also confuse others who have a limited understanding. The addicted individual may lie, be short-tempered and spend a lot of money on his or her addiction.

Money

Financial struggles have been identified as a contributing factor to relationship problems. The number of enjoyable activities within the household may be limited under this increased stress.

Abuse

Physical and emotional abuse can create problems within both families and couples. The victims of abuse and those living within the abusive environment may experience negative feelings and high levels of stress. They may also experience anxiety, guilt, and lonliness. It is worthwhile to recognise that some individuals have a particularly high conflict tendency, which can be cause by a number of complex reasons.

Attachment

Attachment issues may play an important part in a relationship. Our experiences of relationships at a young age may go on to influence us later in our adulthood. Attachment theory suggests that our relationship with our parents/caregivers at a young age can influence our social and emotional development. We may struggle to form healthy relationships as an adult if we have experienced unhealthy relationships in our youth. In addition, some individuals may feel anxious or skeptical about their current relationship if they have experienced negative relationships in their past. This may lead to trust issues, frustration, false expectations, and further relationship problems.

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What causes thanatophobia?

A number of factors can lead to the development of a fear of death or the dying process.

Age: Studies have shown that thanatophobia can peak when an individual reaches their 20s but can fade as they grow older.

Ageing Parents: While research suggests that young people more commonly experience thanatophobia than the elderly, some elderly individuals may fear death if their health begins to fail. Children are also more likely to fear death.

Health Issues: Individuals facing problems with their physical health are likely to experience greater anxiety surrounding death.

Gender: Both men and women can experience thanatophobia, particularly in their 20s.

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How is thanatophobia treated?

Medication can be used to treat some symptoms. For example, antidepressants can be prescribed for depression and anxiety arising from fear of death and dying. However, medication cannot ‘cure’ thanatophobia.

Talking therapy may help ease symptoms of thanatophobia, and offer you ways to cope with your feelings. By exploring your fear of death, you can identify the triggers for your anxiety, underlying your fear of death. This can help to deal with your phobia. For example, you may explore what part of death is scary for you personally? This could be:

  • Pain and suffering?
  • What lies beyond death?
  • Dying young?
  • Causing people upset and responsibility?
  • Feeling you haven't done enough in life?
  • Being forgotten?
  • Leaving family without you?

Some particular approaches you may consider:

Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) has been shown to be effective in the treatment of generalised anxiety disorder. Cognitive therapy helps you to understand how our thoughts can affect your feelings and mood, while behavioural therapy is used to identify the links between your behaviours and thoughts.

Existential therapy can help you find meaning and purpose in life, so you can feel that your life is a fulfilling one.

Transpersonal therapy can help you explore spirituality and what the world means to you, so you feel more connected and less afraid of life's ending.

Psychodynamic therapy can help you to get in touch with the unconscious fears related to your anxiety and understand the roots of your fear.

Relaxation techniques, such as meditation and breathing techniques, can also help to relieve the psychical symptoms of thanatophobia.

How is thanatophobia diagnosed?

Thanatophobia is not a clinically recognised condition. While there are no tests that can be performed to determine a thanatophobia diagnosis, a doctor or therapist can gain a greater understanding of your experiences by consulting a list of symptoms. The symptoms and issues related to thanatophobia are common issues that therapists are experienced in working with.

Individuals experiencing thanatophobia may be diagnosed with a generalised anxiety disorder. However, the fact that your symptoms and feelings of anxiety are in some way related to fears of death and dying will be noted. Some individuals with thanatophobia may also experience anxiety relating to other issues.

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How can I improve my family relationships?

There are many ways in which you can try to improve family relationships. Individual differences and the cause of any issues will play a part in what methods will suit you best. Stress management techniques, maintaining healthy boundaries and family therapy can all help you to develop healthier relationships.

● Being mindful of everyone in the household is important to a healthy dynamic, with particular consideration of how others might feel. Spending a healthy amount of time with others is important, but to reduce negative feelings of annoyance it may be useful to spend less time with certain people. A positive change in your relationship may be noticable if you aren't ‘living in each other’s pocket.’

● Negotiation can be an important part to healthy relationships, providing simple resolutions to natural conflicts.

● Stress management is also useful, as many of the causes of relationship problems lead to feelings of stress. This NHS website can guide you through some useful stress management techniques.

What if we can't overcome our problems?

Sometimes, seeking psychological help may be the best way to improve your relationship with your partner or family. Although humans are adaptive beings, we can sometimes benefit from extra help to adjust.

An important understanding of human behaviour is that we learn through our own observations and experiences, leading to the development of our assumptions, ideas and morals. For example, a child who experiences an argumentative household is more likely to live within an argumentative household when they are older. We model, imitate and appropriate the behaviour of those around us and misunderstand that certain behaviours are the norm.

Individual counselling and psychotherapy may allow individuals to identify unhealthy relationship patterns. It can offer the opportunity to make sense of your feelings and discover why you may behave in certain ways.

One evidence based therapy technique is Cognitive-Behavioural Therapy (CBT), which can help you focus on the link between the emotions, thoughts and behaviour associated with your relationship. This can be a beneficial technique, changing the way an individual responds to the situations that provoke relationship problems.

Some therapists may choose to focus on mindfulness, relaxation, and problem solving. These can help you approach conflict with a calm attitude.

Communication skills are important to know and can be learned. The ability to express yourself is key. A lack of communication skills may result in relationship problems. Family or couple therapy can be a great way of helping all those involved in understanding and improving the relationship and dynamics. Including everyone involved in the conflict is usually the best approach.

There are now many counselling and therapeutic services and organisations available. Mental health professionals, including psychotherapists and counsellers, can support you.

The NHS - approach your GP and ask to be referred to a specialist.

Local charities or organisations - these may provide support groups, therapy and advice in your local or near-by area. See their websites for details.

Counselling and psychotherapy clinics and services - Online directories can provide further information or get in touch with your local council to find therapeutic services.

A qualified, professional therapist will work with you to examine your thoughts and behaviors and improve how you feel. You will build a relationship based on trust, giving you the confidence to share your feelings and emotions with them. Your counsellor will listen to all that you have to share with empathy and openness.

An experienced therapist or counsellor like those listed on the Harley Therapy platform can help you to manage your symptoms and find your own way forward.

Filter our qualified, professional, and vetted therapists by cost, location, availability, and approach so you can find and book the best therapist or counsellor for you here. Or find a therapist to help with family problems below.

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